Glottocode: None
ISO 639: app

Sources: Schneider (2010)

Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu



  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular na na nana -k
1st (excl) Person Dual kaa kaa gemaru -maru
1st (excl) Person Plural kaa kaa gema -ma
1st (incl) Person Dual ta ta kuduru -daru
1st (incl) Person Plural ta ta kidi -da
2nd Person Singular ko ko kik -m
2nd Person Dual karu - karu - gumru -mru
2nd Person Plural karu - karu - gimi -mi
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 ø - ø - ni, nini -n
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 ø - ø - ni, nini -n
3rd Person Dual ra ra nuuru -ru
3rd Person Plural ra ra nii [lengthening of stem-final vowel] -


IDWordEntryAnnotationLoanSourceSource Gloss
5176612du A (1st (incl) Person Dual)taSchneider (2010)
5176412du O (1st (incl) Person Dual)kuduruSchneider (2010)
5176312du P (1st (incl) Person Dual)-daruSchneider (2010)
5176512du S (1st (incl) Person Dual)taSchneider (2010)
5176212pl A (1st (incl) Person Plural)taSchneider (2010)
5176012pl O (1st (incl) Person Plural)kidiSchneider (2010)
5175912pl P (1st (incl) Person Plural)-daSchneider (2010)
5176112pl S (1st (incl) Person Plural)taSchneider (2010)
517741du A (1st (excl) Person Dual)kaaSchneider (2010)
517721du O (1st (excl) Person Dual)gemaruSchneider (2010)
517711du P (1st (excl) Person Dual)-maruSchneider (2010)
517731du S (1st (excl) Person Dual)kaaSchneider (2010)
517701pl A (1st (excl) Person Plural)kaaSchneider (2010)
517681pl O (1st (excl) Person Plural)gemaSchneider (2010)
517671pl P (1st (excl) Person Plural)-maSchneider (2010)
517691pl S (1st (excl) Person Plural)kaaSchneider (2010)
517781sg A (1st (excl) Person Singular)naSchneider (2010)
517761sg O (1st (excl) Person Singular)nanaSchneider (2010)
517751sg P (1st (excl) Person Singular)-kSchneider (2010)
517771sg S (1st (excl) Person Singular)naSchneider (2010)
517542du A (2nd Person Dual)karu2PL imperative onlySchneider (2010)
517522du O (2nd Person Dual)gumruSchneider (2010)
517512du P (2nd Person Dual)-mruSchneider (2010)
517532du S (2nd Person Dual)karu2PL imperative onlySchneider (2010)
517502pl A (2nd Person Plural)karu2PL imperative onlySchneider (2010)
517482pl O (2nd Person Plural)gimiSchneider (2010)
517472pl P (2nd Person Plural)-miSchneider (2010)
517492pl S (2nd Person Plural)karu2PL imperative onlySchneider (2010)
517582sg A (2nd Person Singular)koSchneider (2010)
517562sg O (2nd Person Singular)kikSchneider (2010)
517552sg P (2nd Person Singular)-mSchneider (2010)
517572sg S (2nd Person Singular)koSchneider (2010)
517383d A (3rd Person Dual)raSchneider (2010)
517363d O (3rd Person Dual)nuuruSchneider (2010)
517353d P (3rd Person Dual)-ruSchneider (2010)
517373d S (3rd Person Dual)raSchneider (2010)
517343p A (3rd Person Plural)raSchneider (2010)
517323p O (3rd Person Plural)niiSchneider (2010)
517313p P (3rd Person Plural)[lengthening of stem-final vowel]{lenghtening of stem-final vowel]Schneider (2010)
517333p S (3rd Person Plural)raSchneider (2010)
517463sg M A (3rd Person Singular Masculine)øzero-markedSchneider (2010)
517443sg M O (3rd Person Singular Masculine)ni, niniSchneider (2010)
517433sg M P (3rd Person Singular Masculine)-nSchneider (2010)
517453sg M S (3rd Person Singular Masculine)øzero-markedSchneider (2010)
517423sg N A (3rd Person Singular Neuter)øzero-markedSchneider (2010)
517403sg N O (3rd Person Singular Neuter)ni, niniSchneider (2010)
517393sg N P (3rd Person Singular Neuter)-nSchneider (2010)
517413sg N S (3rd Person Singular Neuter)øzero-markedSchneider (2010)