Paradigm Details:

Language: (piv) Vaeakau-Taumako.


System Type: F

Source: Næss (2000).

Comment: The forms listed below are given in the system of transcription adopted by Næss (2000). In this system /lh/ represents what is terms an 'aspirated lateral' (Næss 2000:7) while vowels carrying a macron are long (Næss 2000:10). In addition, the language marks a distinction between 'o-possession' and 'a-possession' (see Næss 2000:17 for a discussion of the import of this distinction). In the former case the possessive pronoun is preceded by the possessive preposition /o/ and in the latter case by /a/. Although a number of the possessive forms listed below are given in Næss (2000:34) as a single word incorporating the preceding possessive preposition, in all cases the preposition has been excluded from the forms listed below. Finally, also note, in addition to the possessive forms listed below, which follow the possessed noun, a set of pre-nominal free possessives as well as a set of possessive suffixes exist, see Næss (2000:35-8) for these forms alongside associated discussion of their use and distribution.

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular iau - iau - iau - ku
1st (excl) Person Dual mhaua - mhaua - mhaua - maua
1st (excl) Person Plural mhātou mhātou mhātou mātou
1st (incl) Person Dual thaua - thaua - thaua - taua
1st (incl) Person Plural thātou thātou thātou tātou
2nd Person Singular koe koe koe u
2nd Person Dual khoulua khoulua khoulua ulua
2nd Person Plural khoutou khoutou khoutou utou
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 ia ia ia na
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 ia ia ia na
3rd Person Dual lhaua - lhaua - lhaua - laua
3rd Person Plural lhātou lhātou lhātou lātou