Paradigm Details:

Language: (snc) Sinaugoro.


System Type: F

Source: Tauberschmidt (1999).

Comment: In addition to the forms listed below, complex pronominal phrases incorporating plural pronouns that carry a dual or trial meaning that may serve the S/A/O function are also possible, see Tauberschmidt (1999:21) for discussion. Additionally, two distinct patterns of pronominal possession exist: the inalienable and the alienable (Tauberschmidt 1999:59-60). Inalienable possession is marked by attachment of a pronominal suffix to the possessum which indexes the person and number of the possessor (Tauberschmidt 1999:59-60). Nouns and noun phrases that are possessed in an alienable fashion are immediately preceded by a possessive pronoun that also indexes the number and person of the possessor as well as whether the possessum is edible or not (what Tauberschmidt 1999:60-61 terms a neutral/edible distinction). In all cases the possessive construction may be preceded by the S/A/O pronoun that indexes the number and person of the possessor. The possessive pronouns used in neutral alienable possessive contexts are listed below, see Tauberschmidt (1999:19-20) for inalienable possessive suffixes and the edible alienable possessive pronouns.

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular au au au ɣegu
1st (excl) Person Dual ɣai ɣai ɣai ɣemɑ
1st (excl) Person Plural ɣai ɣai ɣai ɣema
1st (incl) Person Dual ɣita ɣita ɣita ɣera
1st (incl) Person Plural ɣita ɣita ɣita ɣera
2nd Person Singular ɣoi ɣoi ɣoi ɣemu
2nd Person Dual ɣomi ɣomi ɣomi ɣemi
2nd Person Plural ɣomi ɣomi ɣomi ɣemi
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 ɣia ɣia ɣia ɣena
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 ɣia ɣia ɣia ɣena
3rd Person Dual ɣia ɣia ɣia ɣeri
3rd Person Plural ɣia ɣia ɣia ɣeri