Paradigm Details:

Language: (pbh) Panare.


System Type: F

Source: Payne (2013).

Comment: The third person pronouns distinguish animacy, spatial deixis, and visibility/invisibility (Payne 2013:88-9). The animate, proximate, visible third person forms are listed below. The element ‘úja’ appears immediately following A pronouns (Payne 2012:68). Since this element is classified as a postposition it is not included in the forms listed below. Possession is marked differently for inalienable and alienable nouns (Payne 2013:74 ff). The forms used for inalienable possession are listed below. Note, the forms of the prefixal possessive pronouns listed below vary significantly in an allomorphic fashion as discussed by Payne (2013:74-5).

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular ju ju ju jɨ-
1st (excl) Person Dual ana ana ana ana-
1st (excl) Person Plural ana ana ana ana-
1st (incl) Person Dual juto juto juto juto
1st (incl) Person Plural jutakon jutakon jutakon jutakon
2nd Person Singular amən amən amən a-
2nd Person Dual aməenton - aməenton - aməenton - aməenton -
2nd Person Plural aməenton - aməenton - aməenton - aməenton -
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 məh məh məh i-
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 məh məh məh i-
3rd Person Dual məht͡ʃanton məht͡ʃanton məht͡ʃanton məht͡ʃanton
3rd Person Plural məht͡ʃanton məht͡ʃanton məht͡ʃanton məht͡ʃanton