Paradigm Details:

Language: (mrq) North Marquesan.


System Type: F

Source: Cablitz (2006).

Comment: When occurring as a grammatical object, personal pronouns are preceded by the object/oblique marking preposition ‘iɑ’ (Cablitz 2006:101). This element is not included in the object forms listed below as it is analysed and glossed by Cablitz (2006) as distinct from the set of personal pronouns. In addition, other than the second person singular and first person singular possessive forms listed below, no special possessive pronouns exist (Cablitz 2006:101). Rather, the possessive use of pronouns is marked periphrastically using the S/A/O forms as discussed in detail by Cablitz (2006:167 ff).

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular ɑu ɑu ɑu ʔɑtou
1st (excl) Person Dual mɑuɑ mɑuɑ mɑuɑ mɑuɑ
1st (excl) Person Plural mɑtou mɑtou mɑtou mɑtou
1st (incl) Person Dual tɑuɑ tɑuɑ tɑuɑ tɑuɑ
1st (incl) Person Plural tɑtou tɑtou tɑtou tɑtou
2nd Person Singular koe koe koe to
2nd Person Dual koʔuɑ koʔuɑ koʔuɑ koʔuɑ
2nd Person Plural kotou kotou koʔuɑ koʔuɑ
3rd Person Singular Gender 1
3rd Person Singular Gender 2
3rd Person Dual ʔɑuɑ ʔɑuɑ ʔɑuɑ ʔɑuɑ
3rd Person Plural ʔɑtou ʔɑtou ʔɑtou ʔɑtou