Paradigm Details:

Language: (adn) Adang.

Label: clean


System Type: None

Source: Haan (2001).

Comment: Owen's cleaned up version. The pronominal prefixes mark inalienable possession (Haan 2001: 38) and the objects of some verbs. Other verbs use the accusative free pronouns (with -ri) for their objects (ibid.: 46). As for the free pronouns that mark (alienable) possession, "[s]emantically, both types of genitive pronouns express possession. The difference, however, is that a genitive pronoun marked e, while expressing possession, also expresses emphasis or contrast. I shall call it a ‘contrastive’ genitive pronoun. A genitive pronoun marked ɔ does not express emphasis or contrast. Therefore I call it a ‘non-contrastive’ genitive pronoun." (ibid.: 163).

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular na na nari
1st (excl) Person Dual ni ni iri ni
1st (excl) Person Plural ni ni iri ni
1st (incl) Person Dual pi pi tari
1st (incl) Person Plural pi pi tari
2nd Person Singular a a ari ɔ
2nd Person Dual i i iri i
2nd Person Plural i i iri i
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 sa sa sari
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 sa sa sari
3rd Person Dual supi supi sari
3rd Person Plural supi supi sari