Paradigm Details:

Language: (mak) Makassarese.


System Type: None

Source: Jukes (2006).

Comment: While there are free, independent pronouns in the language, the pro- and enclitics are primarily used for argument reference.

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular (i)nakke, ku= (i)nakke, =aʔ (i)nakke, =aʔ -ku
1st (excl) Person Dual (i)kambe (i)kambe, =kang (i)kambe, =kang -maŋ
1st (excl) Person Plural (i)kambe (i)kambe, =kang (i)kambe, =kang -maŋ
1st (incl) Person Dual (i)katte, ki= (i)katte, =kiʔ (i)katte, =kiʔ -ta
1st (incl) Person Plural (i)katte, ki= (i)katte, =kiʔ (i)katte, =kiʔ -ta
2nd Person Singular (i)kau, nu= (i)kau, =ko (i)kau, =ko -nu
2nd Person Dual (i)katte, ki= (i)katte, =kiʔ (i)katte, =kiʔ -ta
2nd Person Plural (i)katte, ki= (i)katte, =kiʔ (i)katte, =kiʔ -ta
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 ia, na= ia, =i ia, =i -na
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 ia, na= ia, =i ia, =i -na
3rd Person Dual ia, na= ia, =i ia, =i -na
3rd Person Plural ia, na= ia, =i ia, =i -na