Paradigm Details:

Language: (opm) Oksapmin.


System Type: F

Source: Loughnane (2009).

Comment: "Pronouns most commonly occur in noun phrases which refer to higher animates." (Loughnane 2009: 94). As there is a distinction in the pronominal forms for third singular male and female, I have not filled in the neuter slot. Because there is no gender distinction for the third dual and plural, I (CvT) have filled in all the slots. "In Oksapmin, the `alone' pronoun is used when you want to refer to the set of referents in question and that set alon, where it was expected that additional participants would have also participated in that same role in the action." (Loughnane 2009: 94). The second form in each box of the paradigms is the `alone' form.

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular nonxap , nox nonxap , nox nonxap , nox noxe
1st (excl) Person Dual nuxtalxe , nuxut nuxtalxe , nuxut nuxtalxe , nuxut nuxte
1st (excl) Person Plural nuxlalxe , nuxul nuxlalxe , nuxul nuxlalxe , nuxul nuxule
1st (incl) Person Dual dit , ditalxe dit , ditalxe dit , ditalxe dite
1st (incl) Person Plural dil , dilalxe dil , dilalxe dil , dilalxe dile
2nd Person Singular go , golgap go , golgap go , golgap gwe
2nd Person Dual gut , gutalxe gut , gutalxe gut , gutalxe gute
2nd Person Plural gul , gulalxe gul , gulalxe gul , gulalxe gule
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 olxap , ox olxap , ox olxap , ox oxe
3rd Person Dual ixit , ixtalxe ixit , ixtalxe ixit , ixtalxe ixte
3rd Person Plural ixil , ixlalxe ixil , ixlalxe ixil , ixlalxe ixle