Paradigm Details:

Language: (bfn) Bunaq.


System Type: F

Source: Schapper (2009).

Comment: "Note that there is no 3rd singular personal pronoun; demonstratives are used in this role." (Schapper 2009: 90). The animate form of the non-proximal demonstrative is used to track 3sg referents. It has been included here in the paradigm to fill all cells. The possessive pronouns given are for alienable possession. About inalienable possession: (Schapper 2009: 321) "In Bunaq possessive relations of this [=inalienble] kind are denoted by compounding. The possessor of an inalienable possessor compound always precedes the possessum. Inalienable possessors can be realised in a variety of ways by prefixes on the possessum; six different classes are recognised on the basis of the inflectional options they show in the 3rd person (...). 1st persons and 2nd persons are predictable across classes."

Pronoun Paradigm:

  A S O Poss.
1st (excl) Person Singular neto neto neto nie
1st (excl) Person Dual neli neli neli nie
1st (excl) Person Plural nei nei nei nie
1st (incl) Person Dual ili ili ili ie
1st (incl) Person Plural i i i ie
2nd Person Singular eto eto eto ie
2nd Person Dual eli eli eli ie
2nd Person Plural ei ei ei ie
3rd Person Singular Gender 1 baqi - baqi baqi gie
3rd Person Singular Gender 2 baqi baqi baqi gie
3rd Person Dual halali halali halali gie
3rd Person Plural halaqi halaqi halaqi gie