System Type: None
Source: Klamer (2010).
Comment: The paradigm below follows the following statement: "The object prefixes have animate referents (humans or animals), the object pronouns may be used to refer to both animate and inanimate objects" (Klamer 2010: 78). This does not entirely match, however, with Klamer's statement elsewhere: "For third person referents, a free pronoun is used if it is inanimate. If it is animate, it is expressed with a verbal prefix, and an optional additional NP." (ibid.: 166-167). The third person plural "[i]'in and gi'in refer to a group of people outside the phyiscal and/or narrative context, translated as `elsewhere' here. In practice, the use of these pronouns typically implies that the speaker cannot see the referents because they are at a different location, or existed at a different time." (ibid.: 79). "Teiwa has a set of dual pronouns that can be used to encode subjects and to conjoin nominals." (ibid.: 82). It seems, however, that the `plural' forms are generally used to refer to two participants, hence their presence in the `dual' boxes as well. "Teiwa has two pronouns that refer to third person referents that are inanimate: the pronouns i `it.place' refers to a location, and the pronoun in `it, thing' refers to an entity." (ibid.: 85).
|1st (excl) Person Singular||na , na'an||na , na'an||n(a)- , na'an||na , n(a)- , na'an|
|1st (excl) Person Dual||ni , ni'in , niraxau||ni , ni'in , niraxau||n(i)- , ni'in||ni , n(i)- , ni'in|
|1st (excl) Person Plural||ni , ni'in||ni , ni'in||n(i)- , ni'in||ni , n(i)- , ni'in|
|1st (incl) Person Dual||pi , pi'in , piraxau||pi , pi'in , piraxau||p(i)- , pi'in||pi , p(i)- , pi'in|
|1st (incl) Person Plural||pi , pi'in||pi , pi'in||p(i)- , pi'in||pi , p(i)- , pi'in|
|2nd Person Singular||ha , ha'an||ha , ha'an||h(a)- , ha'an||ha , h(a)- , ha'an|
|2nd Person Dual||yi , yi'in , yiraxau||yi , yi'in , yiraxau||y(i)- , yi'in||yi , y(i)- , yi'in|
|2nd Person Plural||yi , yi'in||yi , yi'in||y(i)- , yi'in||yi , y(i)- , yi'in|
|3rd Person Singular Gender 1||a , a'an||a , a'an||g(a)- , ga'an , g(ə)-||a , a- , a'an , g(a)-|
|3rd Person Singular Gender 2||a , a'an , i , in||a , a'an , i , in||ga'an , i , in||a , a- , a'an , g(a)-|
|3rd Person Dual||a , i , i'in , iman , in , iraxau||a , i , i'in , iman , in , iraxau||ga- , g(i)- , gi'in , iman , in||a- , ga- , g(i)- , iman|
|3rd Person Plural||a , i , i'in , iman , in||a , i , i'in , iman , in||ga- , g(i)- , gi'in , iman , in||a- , ga- , g(i)- , iman|